Avro Aircraft Types

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AVRO 501

YEAR BUILT: 1912

WINGSPAN: 47 ft 6 in

HEIGHT: 12 ft 6 in

NUMBER BUILT:

LENGTH: 33 ft 12 in 

CREW: 2

MAX SPEED: 55 mph (65 mph as landplane)

POWERPLANT: 1 x 100 hp Gnome

Avro 501
Avro 501

At Eastchurch, 1914.

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Avro 501
Avro 501

At Eastchurch, 1914.

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NOTES: A large seaplane ordered by the Admiralty which was converted to a landplane due to unsatisfactory performance.

AVRO 503

YEAR BUILT: 1913

WINGSPAN: 50 ft

HEIGHT: 12 ft 9 in

NUMBER BUILT: 4

LENGTH: 33 ft 6 in 

CREW: 2

MAX SPEED: 50 mph

POWERPLANT: 1 x 100 hp Gnome

Avro 503
Avro 503

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Avro 503
Avro 503

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NOTES: An improved version of the Avro 501, it was purchased by the German Government and built under licence, forming the basis for the Gotha Seaplane development.

AVRO 504

SPECIFICATIONS FOR 504K

YEAR BUILT: 1913

WINGSPAN: 36 ft

HEIGHT: 10 ft 5 in

NUMBER BUILT: 10,000 +

LENGTH: 29 ft 5 in

CREW: 2

MAX SPEED: 95 mph

POWERPLANT: Various e.g. 1 x 110 hp Le Rhône

Avro 504K
Avro 504K

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Avro 504K
Avro 504K

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NOTES: First single-engined aeroplane to bomb German soil and one of the most influential trainer aircraft in history.

AVRO 508

YEAR BUILT: 1913

WINGSPAN: 44 ft

HEIGHT: 10 ft

NUMBER BUILT: 1

LENGTH: 26 ft 9 in

CREW: 2

MAX SPEED: 65 mph

POWERPLANT: 1 x 80 hp Gnome

Avro 508
Avro 508

At the Olympia Aero Show, London, March 1914.

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Avro 508
Avro 508

At the Olympia Aero Show, London, March 1914.

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NOTES: Two seat reconnaissance aircraft which struggled to match the performance of the Avro 504 and wasn't developed.

AVRO 510

YEAR BUILT: 1914

WINGSPAN: 63 ft

CREW: 2

NUMBER BUILT: 5

LENGTH: 38 ft

MAX SPEED: 70 mph

POWERPLANT: 1 x 150 hp Sunbeam Nubian

Avro 510
Avro 510

One of five built for the Royal Naval Air Service.

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Avro 510
Avro 510

One of five built for the Royal Naval Air Service.

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NOTES: The last development in the 501/503 series of float planes. It served at Coastal Air Stations during WWI.

AVRO 511

REDESIGNATED AVRO 514

YEAR BUILT: 1914

WINGSPAN: 26 ft

HEIGHT: 9 ft 4 in

NUMBER BUILT: 1

LENGTH: 22 ft 4 in

CREW: 1

MAX SPEED: 95 - 100 mph

POWERPLANT: 1 x 150 hp Gnome Monosoupape

Avro 511
Avro 511

At Hendon with F. P. Raynham in cockpit, May 1914.

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Avro 511
Avro 511

At Hendon with F. P. Raynham in cockpit, May 1914.

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NOTES: Appeared at the 5th Olympia Aero Show during March 1914. Was redesignated as Avro 514 but further work was terminated due to the outbreak of WWI.

AVRO 519

YEAR BUILT: 1914

WINGSPAN: 63 ft

HEIGHT: 11 ft 8 in

CREW: 1 (2)

NUMBER BUILT: 2 (+1)

LENGTH: 32 ft 9 in - 35 ft 2 in

(33 ft 8 in)

SPEED: 75 mph

POWERPLANT: 1 x 150 hp Sunbeam Nubian or 1 x 225 hp Sunbeam

Avro 519
Avro 519

At Eastchurch, 1916.

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Avro 519
Avro 519

At Eastchurch, 1916.

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NOTES: Long-range bomber with folding wings built for the Admiralty. Figures in brackets refer to the modified type 519A where different.

AVRO 521

YEAR BUILT: 1916

WINGSPAN: 30 ft

HEIGHT: 9 ft 10 in

CREW: 2

NUMBER BUILT: 1 (+ ?)

LENGTH: 28 ft 2 in

MAX SPEED: 94.6 mph

ARMAMENT: 1 x 0.303 Lewis gun

POWERPLANT: 1 x 110 hp Clerget 

Avro 521
Avro 521

At Farnborough, January 1916.

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Avro 521
Avro 521

At Farnborough, January 1916.

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NOTES: Two-seater fighter trainer. The prototype crashed on 21st September 1916, killing its pilot Lt W.H.S. Garnett. The RFC ordered 25 aircraft but not all were completed.

AVRO 522

YEAR BUILT: 1916

WINGSPAN: 43 ft

MAX SPEED: 75 mph

NUMBER BUILT: 1

LENGTH: 33 ft 8 in

CREW: 2

POWERPLANT: 1 x 225 hp Sunbeam 

Avro 522
Avro 522

At Hamble, 1916. Also known as the Type 519A.

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Avro 522
Avro 522

At Hamble, 1916. Also known as the Type 519A.

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NOTES: Although given a new type number, the Avro 522 was actually officially an Avro 519A.

AVRO PIKE

TYPE 523

YEAR BUILT: 1916

WINGSPAN: 60 ft

HEIGHT: 11 ft 8 in

NUMBER BUILT: 2

LENGTH: 39 ft 1 in

CREW: 3

MAX SPEED: 97 mph

POWERPLANT: 2 x 160 hp Sunbeam or 2 x 150 hp Green 

Avro Pike (Type 523)
Avro Pike (Type 523)

At Hamble in 1916.

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Avro Pike (Type 523)
Avro Pike (Type 523)

At Hamble in 1916.

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NOTES: Designed to satisfy the War Office specification for a 'Class II Fighting Biplane'. The Avro Pike was found to be dangerously tail heavy on a test flight but landed safely when Roy Dobson climbed along the front fuselage!

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